Essential Parts Needed to Build any PC [Quick Guide]

It can be a daunting task to figure out what parts are needed to build a PC. Especially if you’re a beginner. It doesn’t have to be that way. Trust me when I say this. Building a PC is extremely fun. It doesn’t have to be so hard. Confusion is the most common thing I encounter among first time PC builders. This article will help you get a clear understanding of parts working in a computer. First, let’s start with the why

Why you should build your PC:

  1. Pocket Friendly: Building your PC is less expensive than going for a pre-built one. This is because you can focus only on features as per your requirements. This cuts down costs by a huge margin so that you don’t have to burn a hole in your wallet. The PC you build will be giving you more performance than a pre-built one for the same cost.
  2. Better Upgrades: Building your PC gives you a better chance of upgrading your PC in the future. This is because most of the time changing a single component will be enough instead of replacing the entire build. Since you already have complete control over customization, keep future upgrades in mind while building your PC and you’ll be just fine. 
  3. Better Warranty and Maintenance: Since each component will have its warranty, you don’t have to be afraid of tweaking your PC. If something breaks, you send only the broken part instead of the whole unit. Also, separate components tend to have longer periods of warranty, unlike pre-built PCs. 
  4. Better Cooling: Most of the cases of pre-built PCs are small. Companies advertise them as small and powerful but cooling takes a toll here. Keeping your PC cool increases component lifespan and efficiency. You have a better chance at cooling when you build a PC yourself. When people are using liquid coolers to cool their systems, you should at least give your components a little room to breathe.
  5. No Bloatware: Most of the pre-built PCs come with pre-installed bloatware by various advertisers, sponsors, anti-virus companies and other software companies. Almost 99% of the time you won’t need them. They will spoil your experience with constant notifications, pop-ups, free-trials, and updates and slow down your PC. When you build your PC, you install only what you need. From an operating system to a media player. Everything on your PC will be your own decision. 
  6. No need for Tech support: You learn how things inside a PC work when you build one. When you learn how things work, you’ll be able to resolve them in a matter of minutes. You can look online for help and understand what people are saying instead of relying on tech support for everything. 
  7. Fun and Satisfaction: Building your PC has an inherent fun in it. It is also easy when you understand the basics. Since you’ll be choosing every part, you’ll be satisfied when it all comes together. When you find games crossing the 60FPS mark and video editing or photoshop process just under a few minutes, you’ll feel grateful for your purchase.

Tools for building a PC:

1. Screwdriver: I recommend using the magnetic one so that you do not drop the screws all over the place.
2. Anti-static wrist strap: This helps ground a person and saves the PC from damage caused by static electricity.

Parts of a Computer:

1. CPU: A CPU is the brain of your PC. The performance of your PC depends heavily on the CPU. Take into account the number of clocks and the frequency while buying one. The higher they are, the better will your PC performs.

You will have to choose between AMD and Intel. In 2020, I think most consumers would benefit more from an AMD processor. It has more cores on an average and handles multiple tasks like gaming, video editing and graphic design very efficiently. They are reasonably priced as well. On the other hand, if you’re building a PC only for gaming, Intel would be the choice.

Processor Image

2. Motherboard: All the components of a PC are connected to a motherboard. It helps those components to communicate with one another. 

They come in various sizes called form factors. You can choose a case depending on the form factor of the motherboard. I recommend sticking with ATX.

The socket type of the CPUs should be compatible with the motherboard. LGA1150, LGA1151 are common socket types of intel processors while FM2+ and AM3+ are common socket types of AMD processors.

3. Graphic card: This helps render and display images onto the monitor. It is obvious that if you want to build a PC for gaming, you need to have a good graphic card. You would want to look out for Clock speed and VRAM. Simply put, the higher they are, the better. GDDR5 (In case of Nvidia) and HBM (In case of AMD) is for average consumers.

Gaming enthusiasts should go with GDDR5X or GDDR6 (Nvidia) or HMB2 (AMD). You have to choose between Nvidia and AMD. In this segment, I would suggest Nvidia for an average user due to their reliability. Nvidia rules the high-end segment. AMD cards provide good value for the price they come with.

Most GPUs have PCI Express expansion slots that fit into the motherboard. Make sure both motherboard and GPU have the same generation of PCIe slots. (2.0 or 3.0)

Graphic card image

4. RAM: This is the memory of your PC. The higher the frequency and memory of the ram, the better. In 2020, I would recommend having at least 8GB RAM. DDR4 type is the standard. Most of the frequencies of RAMs are supported by motherboards.

PC Ram Image

5. Storage: You can store your files in either a hard drive or an SSD (solid-state drive). The faster the RPM is, the faster the data transfer takes place in your HDD. An SSD is faster, quieter and smaller than an HDD and is also expensive. You can also use both. They are either 3.5 inches or 2.5 inches in length. For an average user, I suggest starting with at least 1TB of storage in a hard disk.

Hard Disk Image

6. Power Supply (PSU): This supplies power to all the components of your PC. The wattage required will depend on the other components. It comes in two sizes ATX and SFX. ATX is the standard size and SFX is for smaller cases.

 You can find out the power requirement of your final build by a going to this website 

Sizes of PSUs


7. CPU Cooler: This helps maintain optimal temperatures for the functioning of the CPU. You can choose to either air cool or liquid cool. Most CPUs will come with an air cooler. These will be more than enough if you run your CPU at stock settings. If you plan on overclocking, I suggest you get a good air cooler. Liquid coolers are is for extreme overclocked CPUs. They occupy more space than an air cooler and are usually quieter.

TDP of a CPU is an important consideration. TDP is Thermal Design Power which is the amount of heat dissipated for the effective operation of the CPU. Choose a cooler with higher TDP than a CPU to help maintain optimal temperature. 

The cooler should have the same socket type as that of the CPU.

CPU Air Cooler

8. Case: This is where all your components are placed. Your case depends on your motherboard’s form factor. I recommend choosing an ATX case rather than going with the shorter ones because of increased cooling and good cable management.

CPU Case

9. Monitor and input devices: You can select one depending on your requirements. There are a wide variety of options available. I would recommend at least a 1080p display and an 18inch screen. AOC and BenQ monitors provide real value for money. ASUS and Acer are for gamers.

A basic Keyboard and mouse would do the job.

If you’re into gaming, graphic design, video editing, I recommend getting one with a higher refresh rate and resolution.

Monitor image

10. Operating System: This is a no-brainer. You’ll be needing an OS. Windows 10 is my preferred choice.

Tell us about your configuration in the comments below. We’ll try to share our opinion.

3 thoughts on “Essential Parts Needed to Build any PC [Quick Guide]”

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